When people talk about Prevention of Diabetes, it is usually about preventing Type 2 Diabetes. In majority of cases, Type 2 Diabetes is brought on by lifestyle factors which can often be prevented.
These include an unbalanced diet, lack of activity, lack of sleep, stress, smoking and alcohol. Click here for more information on how to Prevent Diabetes.
Lots of factors can contribute to someone being at risk of or diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes. There are some things that you can change and some you can't.
Spending less time sitting down and more time being active is key to preventing Type 2 Diabetes. It could be a brisk walk around the park, playing a sport in the garden, or doing an online exercise class. Moving Each day will help you lose weight and help maintain a healthy weight.
Controlling your Diabetes
On this page, you can sign up to take part in one of many Diabetes structured Education E-Learning courses. There is a range of courses to choose from, including courses for Type 2 Diabetes, understanding and growing up with Type 1 Diabetes, Insulin Pump therapy and Gestational Diabetes.
These are free to access and you can complete them at your own pace.
When you have Diabetes, you're entitled to certain checks, tests and services from the NHS to help you get the care you need. You might know this as your annual review.
There are 15 different checks and services you're entitled to - although you may not need all of them. Click here for your free Checklist
There are two main things about Diabetes that can affect your ability to drive safely:
- If how you treat your Diabetes means you're at risk of having a Hypo (where your blood sugar drops below 4mmol/l).
- If you develop Diabetes complications that make it harder for you to drive - like problems with your eyes (retinopathy) or nerve damage (neuropathy).
If these things affect you, you need to know what the rules are and what you need to tell your local driver and licensing authority.
There are extra rules for people with Diabetes who want to drive. This is to make sure it is safe for you and others. This information is about what to tell your driving licensing authority when you have diabetes.
You need to notify DVLA if:
- Your insulin treatment lasts (or will last) over 3 months.
- You had Gestational Diabetes (Diabetes associated with pregnancy) and your insulin treatment lasts over 3 months after the birth.
- You get disabling Hypoglycaemia (Low blood sugar) - or a medical professional has told you that you're at risk of developing it.
You can be fined up to £1,000 if you don't tell DVLA about a medical condition that affects your driving. You may be prosecuted if you're involved in an accident as a result.
Hypo unawareness is used to describe a situation where people with Diabetes, usually Type 1 Diabetes, are frequently unable to notice when they have low blood sugar, Hypoglycemia. Loss of Hypo awareness can be troubling, and at times dangerous, so taking steps to regain awareness of your hypo warning signs is strongly recommended.
If you're unaware of Hypo's, you can't treat the Hypo quickly and get back to your normal blood sugar range. This increases the risk of a severe hypo. Your quality of life is affected and it can be hard to keep your blood sugar levels in a safe range.
Before you can treat the hypo, you need to notice that you are low on blood sugar. The sooner you notice hypoglycemia, the less disruptive it's likely to be. Although common for Diabetics a Hypo can be unnerving.
High blood sugar levels can seriously damage parts of your body, including your feet and your eyes. These are called the complications of Diabetes.
But you can take action to Prevent or Delay many of these problems.